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Firstly, At the present time, drugs generate by compounding pharmacies are not regulates by the FDA, which has various public health organizations and opponents of the death penalty concerned about the safety of its usage. Furthermore, once the names of compounding pharmacies are reveal, they risk facing public outrage, such as one pharmacy did when it received hate mail and negative publicity from local media outlets. buy nembutal pentobarbital euthanasia

Secondly, Maya Foa, director of Reprieve’s death penalty team, says compounding nembutal pills for sale online pharmacies are in the industry of improving the health and lives of patients rather than becoming the “henchman” for state governments.

Thirdly, “Why should compounders be force to now play henchman to the ever-hungry executioner,” said Foa. “Good compounders want to improve the lives and health of patients; they don’t wish to be mired in execution drug controversies, forced to mix drugs to kill prisoners in dangerous and experimental executions.” buy nembutal pentobarbital euthanasia

WHAT ARE BARBITURATES?

Barbiturate is a group of sleep enhancer and tranquilizer drugs that we make from barbituric acid.

Chemical composition

As describe above barbiturates are derive from barbituric acid. So they are available in the form of any salt of barbituric acid.

Mode of action

Firstly, Barbiturates act by suppressing central nervous system. They relax the muscles of central nervous system by minimizing the activity of nerves. Our nervous system has a very important chemical that acts as neurotransmitter and it is call gamma amino butyric acid (GABA).

Secondly, The nerves of the central nervous system use this chemical neurotransmitter to be in touch with each other. The barbiturate suppresses this gamma amino butyric acid and in turn nerves are relax.

PENTOBARBITAL BARBITURATES

Pentobarbital is a short acting barbiturate. We can say it is a dangerous drug because when use in high doses, it leads to death.

 Chemical formulation:

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Canadians vote for assistance in dying

 

Huffington Post

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OTTAWA — Canadians vote for assistance in dying

Canadians expand assistance in dying in their Senate with Senators passing a revised version of Bill C-7 was passed in the Senate by a vote of 66-19, with three abstentions according to the Huffington Post.

The bill is intended to extend eligibility for assisted dying to people whose natural deaths are not reasonably foreseeable, in compliance with a 2019 Quebec Superior Court ruling.

But senators approved five amendments, two of which would expand access even more.

One amendment would allow people who fear losing mental capacity to make advance requests for an assisted death.

Another would impose an 18-month time limit on the bill’s proposed blanket ban on assisted dying for people suffering solely from mental illnesses. Order nembutal  euthanasia in Canada

Until that exclusion on mental illness is lifted, senators also approved another amendment to clarify that it would not apply to people suffering from neurocognitive disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease.

They further amended the bill to require the government to collect race-based data on who requests and receives assisted dying and to establish a joint parliamentary committee within 30 days of the bill receiving royal assent to review the assisted dying regime in Canada.

medical assistance in dying in canadaThe revised bill will now be sent back to the House of Commons for MPs to determine whether to accept or reject some or all of the amendments. Order nembutal  euthanasia in Canada

Justice Minister David Lametti’s office had no immediate comment on the amended version of the bill.

As the Liberals hold only a minority of seats in the Commons, at least one of the main opposition parties will need to support whatever the government decides to do with the amendments.

The Conservatives and NDP have signalled that they’re unlikely to support the Senate amendments. Bloc Quebecois Leader Yves-Francois Blanchet has said they “deserve to be looked at” but has expressed reluctance to go along with changes proposed by an unelected chamber that he considers illegitimate. Order nembutal  euthanasia in Canada

In a statement late Wednesday, Conservative justice critic Rob Moore and House leader Gerard Deltell called on the government to allow a thorough debate on the Senate amendments. They said their party is ready to have the Commons sit into the evenings and on the weekend to ensure MPs have enough time.

“Senate amendments to Bill C-7 expanded MAID (medical assistance in dying in Canada) beyond what was debated by members of the House of Commons,” they said.

Order nembutal  euthanasia in Canada  “The Liberals must ensure Bill C-7 receives thorough legislative review and comprehensive debate in the House of Commons so that members can scrutinize the impacts of these amendments on Canadians.”

Should some or all of the amendments be rejected, senators will have to decide whether to acquiesce to the will of the elected chamber or dig in their heels.

Because they are appointed, senators typically defer to the will of the elected chamber. However, some believe they have a duty to stand firm when fundamental constitutional rights are at stake.

Theoretically, the bill could ping-pong repeatedly between the two chambers until the matter is resolved, which would jeopardize the government’s intention to have the bill passed by Feb. 26, the thrice-extended court-imposed deadline.

The vast majority of senators have been clear that they believe the mental illness exclusion violates the right of individuals to equal treatment under the law, regardless of physical or mental disability, as guaranteed in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

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Should the Commons reject the Senate’s proposed 18-month time limit on that exclusion, senators could yet propose another amendment to refer the matter to the Supreme Court.

Most of the senators who voted against the bill Wednesday oppose easing access to medical assistance in dying in Canada. They have echoed the criticism of disability rights groups that the bill discriminates against people with disabilities, sending a message that their lives are not of equal value.

However, some, like Conservative Sen. Claude Carignan, voted against it because they don’t think the bill, even with the amendments, goes far enough to ease access.

Order nembutal  euthanasia in Canada.   peacefulpill

Sen. Brent Cotter, a member of the Independent Senators Group, said he supported the amended version of the bill but abstained in the final vote to protest the government’s failure to commit more funding to improve the living conditions of vulnerable Canadians.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Feb. 17, 2021.

Editor’s Note – Exit forecast that this type of legislative  change is afoot. See the Peaceful Pill Handbook chapter on Dying and the Law.

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States subjecting death row inmates to longer deaths amid scramble for drugs

Nembutal pills for sale onlineReview finds executions taking up to 20 minutes longer since EU boycott of lethal drugs leads states to employ other methods

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Dennis McGuire
Dennis McGuire took up to 25 minutes to die in Ohio on 16 January having been injected with an experimental cocktail. Photograph: AP Photograph: AP
 
 in Houston and  in New York

 

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US death penalty states face a deepening crisis in their struggle to procure medical drugs for use in lethal injections, with new evidence that the increasingly random methods being used are subjecting condemned prisoners to prolonged and possibly excruciating deaths.

A Guardian survey of death sentences carried out over the past three years by Texas – the most prolific of all execution states – has found that the procedure now takes on average twice as long as under previous protocols. A study of Texas department of criminal justice records and eyewitness media reports mainly from the Associated Press shows a notable lengthening of the death process following the switch in July 2012 from the conventional three-drug cocktail to a single drug, pentobarbital. nembutal pills for sale online

Ten executions prior to the change took on average 10 minutes to complete, ranging from nine to 11 minutes between the administration of the lethal injection and the declaration of death.

The next 23 executions using only pentobarbital took on average 20 minutes, with the full range between 12 to 30 minutes.

Suzanne Basso is scheduled next Wednesday to become the 510th prisoner to be executed by Texas in the modern era. Texas has eight executions set between next week and 29 May. A spokesman for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice declined to comment.

As with most other death penalty states, Texas has dwindling supplies of fatal drugs caused by a worldwide ethical boycott of US departments of corrections by pharmaceutical companies and countries. It was revealed last October that after running low on its  pentobarbital stock because of the boycott, nembutal pills for sale online  Texas turned to a pharmacy near Houston to make a compounded version of the drug. Four men have been executed using this compound pentobarbital, with a declaration of death taking between 11 and 19 minutes.

Lethal injection is the only execution method allowed under Texas law. In 1982, Texas became the first US state to use it. Until July, 2012 it used a combination of a muscle relaxant (pancuronium bromide), an anesthetic (sodium thiopental) and a drug used to stop the heart (potassium chloride). In 2011 sodium thiopental became unavailable because of a European boycott and was replaced with pentobarbital.

On Wednesday night, Missouri put to death convicted murderer Herbert Smulls, 56, using a batch of 10mg of pentobarbital it obtained from a compounding pharmacy 400 miles away in Oklahoma. Missouri authorities had sought to keep the identity of the Tulsa-based Apothecary Shoppe secret, provoking protests from Smulls’s lawyers who said that they were being prevented from protecting him against possible cruel and unusual punishment.

Cheryl Pilate, a member of Smulls’s legal team, told the Guardian after the execution that her client’s first amendment rights had been violated. “If they are going to put these compounding pharmacies behind a wall of secrecy and protect them from public scrutiny, that’s just not going to work. We live in a society that believes in the people’s right to know what their government is doing in their name, and that gives individuals the right to protect themselves against the wrongful actions of the state – both of which were violated in this case. nembutal pills for sale online

Pilate was aware of the identity of the compounding pharmacy that had supplied the lethal pentobarbital, but was ordered by a federal court to abstain from carrying out any legal investigation into the quality of the drug or the standards maintained by the drug outlet.

On Wednesday night, the New York Times editorial board lambasted states for using the largely unregulated compounding industry to deliver “new and untested drug protocols developed on the fly and under a cowardly shroud of secrecy”.

Surveys in several states have pointed to widespread problems in the potency and purity of drugs produced by compounding pharmacies, which are only lightly regulated and do not have to answer to the federal Food and Drug Administration. A survey revealed that one in four samples from Missouri failed to meet adequate standards.

Following the death of Smulls, the spotlight now turns to Louisiana, which has scheduled the execution of child-killer Christopher Sepulvado for next Wednesday. With only six days to go, the department of corrections has still not succeeded in obtaining a supply of lethal chemicals for use in the procedure.

Local newspapers revealed that Louisiana has also tried to procure compounded pentobarbital from the Apothecary Shoppe, despite the fact that the pharmacy is not licensed in Louisiana and is therefore not lawfully allowed to distribute in the state. The Apothecary Shoppe initially denied to the Guardian any involvement with departments of correction in any state, but once its name had been made public the pharmacy declined to answer any further questions relating to death penalty drugs.

In the absence of a ready supply of pentobarbital, Louisiana has turned to a two-drug method for killing Sepulvado that has only been used once before, in a case in which the prisoner endured an abnormally long and apparently traumatic death. Dennis McGuire took up to 25 minutes to die on 16 January having been injected with an experimental cocktail of midazolam and hydromorphone.

For up to 15 minutes he was seen gasping for air, writhing, and trying to sit up. A Catholic priest who witnessed the events described what he saw as “ghastly and inhumane”, and McGuire’s family is suing the state for undue cruelty.

Sepulvado, 70, was put on death row for the 1992 killing of his six-year-old stepson Wesley Mercer. The condemned man’s lawyers are calling for the execution to be postponed to give them more time to investigate the impact of the experimental two-drug protocol, the source of the lethal drugs and whether or not Sepulvado faces possible cruel and unusual punishment which is banned under the eighth amendment of the US constitution.

Gary Clements, one of the lawyers representing Sepulvado, said they were totally in the dark about what drugs Louisiana would use should the execution go ahead next week. “We have been left with no knowledge of what they are going to, and so we have no idea whether this rushed new plan will meet any basic dignified standards.”

Clements added that he was puzzled that Louisiana had opted to copy Ohio’s botched experiment. “Why would they to for inspiration to a place where the only time this method was used in the history of the United States it led to a gruesome spectacle?”

The increasingly desperate attempts by death penalty states to acquire medicines to kill their inmates is the result of an ethical boycott led by the European Commission and many of the major pharmaceutical giants that have expressed their disgust at products created to heal patients being used instead to kill. The boycott has starved states of their supply of drugs such as sodium thiopental – a barbiturate that was until 2011 widely used in triple lethal injections – and now its replacement, pentobarbital.

“The whole idea of the three-drug process is that it would be quick,” said Richard Dieter, executive director of the Washington-based Death Penalty Information Center. “If it should get a lot longer the purpose of doing [lethal injections] for appearance would disappear … if they get longer I think everybody gets a bit uncomfortable.”

Dieter said it was likely that there would have to be substantial evidence that death by lethal injection had become excessively long and painful before a court might consider taking action and public opinion would turn. A lengthier execution does not automatically equate to more suffering if the inmate quickly loses consciousness, he pointed out.

Dr Joel Zivot, assistant professor of anesthesiology and surgery at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, said that it is difficult, if not impossible, to draw definitive conclusions about the suffering of prisoners because of a lack of research and since “lethal injection is in no way a medical act … this is medicine that’s now used for non-medical purposes.”

Zivot said it is theoretically possible that using pentobarbital “could result in a situation where a person could be aware and struggle for a period of time” and that no one “can ever guarantee that there won’t be the potential for cruelty” in the lethal injection process.

When drugs are used to paralyse prisoners during executions, he said, a lack of movement and the outward appearance of calm should not be viewed as clear evidence that the person is not alert and not experiencing pain.

A person’s age and weight could be factors in the length of time it takes for a fatal dose of pentobarbital to complete its work. Texas reportedly uses 5g per execution, with another 5g available in the death chamber if necessary.

In two examples which indicate how execution lengths have varied widely since the move to single-drug, 33-year-old Mario Swain was put to death on 8 November, 2012, for the murder of a woman a decade earlier. It reportedly took 30 minutes for Swain to be pronounced dead. Only two weeks earlier, on 24 October, 40-year-old Bobby Hines was declared dead after twelve minutes.

The growing randomness of execution protocols forced by the boycott has led to parallels being drawn with 1972, when the US supreme court imposed a moratorium on the death penalty across the country. The highest judicial panel in the nation ruled in Furman v Georgia that capital punishment was so inconsistent in its application in different parts of the US that it was unconstitutional.

The court lifted the moratorium in 1976 after death penalty states promised to adhere to new guidelines. One of the changes that emerged was the use of pharmaceuticals in lethal injections that were first used to kill Charles Brooks in Texas in 1982.

The current mayhem over lethal injections has led some prominent public figures to say that the US supreme court should consider imposing a new moratorium. Former president Jimmy Carter told the Guardian last year: “It’s time for the supreme court to look at the totality of the death penalty once again.”

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